Publications

To keep record of our processes, research, learning and creative results to share with others and reach out to broader audiences is what our art and nature publications seek as great complements to our programs.

HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Bosque Pehuén Park’s Flora: A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Andean Montane Forests in the Araucanía Region, Chile

In Chile, most protected areas are located in the southern Andes, in mountainous landscapes at mid or high altitudes. Despite the increasing proportion of protected areas, few have detailed inventories of their biodiversity. This information is essential to define threats and develop long-term integrated conservation programs to face the effects of global change. Consequently, the objectives of this study were to (1) describe the richness, conservation status, and species composition of the vascular flora found in Bosque Pehuén Park; and (2) analyze the relationships among altitude, species richness, and growth forms. Bosque Pehuén is one of the largest privately protected areas located within the Araucarias Biosphere Reserve, in southern Chile (39°S). The park is dominated by secondary forests that grew after intensive exploitation in the 1970s, with some remnant old-growth forests. Fifteen regularly distributed plots, 150 m in radius, were sampled. At each plot, all vascular plant species were recorded; 101 species were found, of which 79% are endemic, 10% are introduced, and 13% are currently listed in IUCN conservation categories. The highest richness was concentrated within the plots associated with riparian zones. The total richness tended to decrease with altitude. Epiphytes and climbers were only recorded at lower altitudes, making them the growth forms most influenced by altitude. The background information reported here is essential for effective park management and conservation of the vascular flora species found within this Andean montane forest.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Nesting of the Peuquito in the Temperate Forests of the Andean Araucanía

The peuquito is a bird of prey that lives in the temperate forests of Chile and Argentina. Despite being a little-known bird, it plays a fundamental role in the ecological dynamics of the ecosystems it inhabits. In a recent study published in the journal La Chiricoca and entitled "Nesting of the Peuquito in the Temperate Forests of the Andean Araucanía" and developed by Álvaro Escobar, the monitoring of a nest during the 2021-2022 season in Bosque Pehuén (Alto Palguín, Andean Araucania) is described. The objective of this study is to contribute to the knowledge about the reproduction of this species that, being a top predator, plays a fundamental role in the ecological dynamics of these forests. To carry out this study, periodic visits to the nest were made in order to monitor and analyze the nesting habitat, the state of development and behavior of the chicks, parental care, prey and any other aspect that has been considered relevant. The results of this research revealed valuable information on the nesting preferences of these birds, demonstrating that they prefer forests with a regular structure,of similar age, with closed crowns and presence of understory. In addition, the importance of private conservation initiatives is highlighted, such as Bosque Pehuén, which provide adequate habitat conditions for the development of this species.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Food content analysis of a culpeo fox feces, Lycalopex culpaeus from La Araucanía Region, Chile, with a predominance of Brachysternus patagoniensis Jameson and Smith, 2002 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

The nutritional content of a Lycalopex culpaeus feces collected in December 2021 in the Bosque Pehuén Park, located in the Andean foothills of La Araucanía Region, Chile, is described. The analysis of the fecal content shows the incidence of two groups of dietary importance (small mammals and insects), being the coleopterous insects the most frequent, highlighting among these the Scarabaeidae Brachysternus patagoniensis Jameson and Smith, which represent 94.2% of the total number of consumed preys. The results show that this species of beetle can be an important food in the diet of L. culpaeus when the populations of these insects are in their period of greatest abundance.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Habitat use in three-dimensional environments: A camera-trap assessment of vertical profile use by wildlife in the temperate forests of Chile

Studies relating habitat and wildlife in forest ecosystems have typically been conducted from the ground, even though most wildlife use the three-dimensional space. The objective of our study was to understand how wildlife uses the whole vertical profile of the forest and to analyze possible associations between different species and vertical forest strata, using camera traps and occupancy models. We defined four strata (forest floor, understory, lower canopy, and upper canopy) that range from 0 to 32 m from the ground and installed 16 camera-traps per stratum. It was observed that with the exception of one species (lizard Liolaemus sp.), the activity patterns were similar between the upper and lower strata of the forest. Thus, the study shows that wildlife species differ in the use of the vertical profile of the forest and suggests that occupancy of species that select the canopy can be largely underestimated from ground-based surveys affecting management decisions.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Con/vivir: Art and Ecology in Education

Reflections, experiences and comprehensive methodologies on art, education, mediation and ecology are connected in this collaborative book edited by Fundación Mar Adentro, which reveals corporeal knowledge localized in territory and time. An invitation to coexist, dialogue and promote teaching-learning spaces that reveal the indissoluble connection with the ecosystems of which we are a part and the complementarity between nature, culture and territory. [Currently available only in Spanish]

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

(Español) Guía de contacto incipiente de actores de la sociedad civil trabajando en arte-ciencia-ecología en Chile

(Español) Mapa de actores, prácticas y experiencias que da cuenta de proyectos actuales en torno a la intersección de las artes y las ciencias ambientales en Chile que nació como resultado del informe "Fomentando colaboraciones arte-ciencia para enfrentar desafíos ambientales", realizado por un equipo internacional de investigadoras con el apoyo de Fundación Mar Adentro y la Universidad de Bristol.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Fostering art-science collaborations to tackle environmental challenges

An international team of researchers (Catalina Valdés, Carla Pinochet, Fernanda Oyarzún, Nélida Pohl, and Paul Merchant), supported by University of Bristol and Fundación Mar Adentro, undertook a mapping study of art-science collaborations in Chile, with a particular focus on projects that address ecological challenges. The team found many examples of effective and exciting practices in this field, as well as significant obstacles in terms of financial support and dissemination of outcomes. This report highlights ways in which public and private funders, in Chile and globally, can better support art-science collaborations and in turn help to more holistically address the climate crisis.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Advanced canopy regeneration: an unrecognized mechanism of forest dynamics

(Español) En esta investigación se analizaron los hábitos epífitos de algunas especies arbóreas que son capaces de regenerar en el dosel del bosque. De los 99 árboles muestreados en Bosque Pehuén, se encontró que el 21% de estos tenían plántulas o brinzales en sus copas. Cabe destacar, que en árboles de gran tamaño (con DAP>= 1 m), la probabilidad de encontrar regeneración de otros árboles sobre su copa es casi de un 100% . El individuo más grande establecido en el dosel, tenía 2,5 metros de altura y 59 años, el que fue encontrado a una altura de 15 metros sobre el tronco principal de otro árbol y correspondía a un pequeño coihue (Nothofagus dombeyi). Otro hallazgo interesante correspondió a un Raulí (Nothofagus aplina) de 114 años . De acuerdo al equipo de investigadores, estos “bonsai'' que habitan el dosel del bosque, podrían representan un mecanismo de regeneración de bosques antiguos poco intervenidos.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Bird Communities Along a Post-disturbance Successional Gradient in Andean Forest of Bosque Pehuén Park, Araucanía region, southern Chile

In this research, published by the Neotropical Ornithological Society, the presence of birds was compared from 2015 to 2019 in Bosque Pehuén (privately protected area of conservation of Fundación Mar Adentro). Along with showing a greater presence of species in the adult forest, it accounts for how the fauna changes as the forest recovers.

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HIFA | Research papers, manuals, guides

Confirmation of Arboreal Habits in Dromiciops gliroides: A Key Role in Chilean Temperate Rainforests

Dromiciops gliroides is a small marsupial endemic to the South American temperate rainforest and has been considered a scansorial marsupial most frequently found in the understory. Nonetheless, several authors have hypothesized that this species could be arboreal because of its ability to climb through the vegetation. However, all previous studies on D. gliroides have been conducted from the ground, with no documentation of this species’ ability to climb trees, or how high they may reach. This paper presents the first evidence of arboreal habits in D. gliroides and their functional importance for the biodiversity of forest canopies based on studies conducted by LabDosel of U.Austral Chile in Bosque Pehuen privately protected area of conservation. Published in Ecosphere.

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