To focus on finding solutions for forest fires we suggest the following measures, based on experiences in Thailand, United States and Australia—countries that have all suffered harsh damages from forest fires—should be considered in the reality we are living and can serve as guidelines for Chilean proposals. To begin, a hopeful video by Bioguía on how we could reforest quickly.
It is everyone’s duty to protect our nature. We have compiled advice based on international experiences, which we here summarize:
- Assume that there are shared responsibilities between governments, private enterprises and aid agencies.
- That the police investigate the causes of the fire and those held responsible with the same treatment that is given to a crime scene.
- To educate our society on for example, throwing flammable trash, lit cigarettes, and putting out campfires.
- Enhance existing alliances (such as Conaf and USA) and follow up in the medium to long term.
- Strengthen university led research and collaborations (such as that held between the Municipality of Valparaíso and the University of Playa Ancha).
- Supervise forest fire protocols that are not being complied with: maintenance of power lines and water infrastructure.
- Create new laws and protocols. For example, to impede the continued planting of eucalyptus and pine trees, which in Chile are currently being legally promoted to benefit the timber industry and are consuming large amounts of water.
- Establish an entity responsible for the countries urban planning that can ensure the optimization of public spaces, such as streets and parks, to make way for accessible evacuation routes.
- Urban planning. Just as there are anti-seismic constructions in Chile these constructions should also follow fire risk control standards. Chile should also build ditches in forest areas as well as firewalls.